Mark Lyons-Amos

Mark was a Pathways Research Fellow at the UCL Institute of Education, London from November 2013 to August 2015. Mark has a background in quantitative demography, having read demography at undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral level at the University of Southampton. Following my doctoral studies, he worked at the Centre for Multilevel Modelling (University of Bristol) and the Centre for Population Change, which reflected his interest in the interaction between macro and individual level demographic behaviours and modelling these via continuous and discrete random effects models. 


Mark’s research focus is largely within the remit of social demography, with a particular focus on the interaction between youth transitions and environmental factors, in particular the Great Recession. He leads production of the paper ‘Differential responses in first birth behaviour to economic recession in the United Kingdom. This paper deals with responses to economic hardship in terms of first birth behaviour, moving away from aggregate measures to examining responses depending on individual characteristics. In particular, they find that the most dramatic effects were for low income individuals and those who had a peripheral attachment to the labour market, who showed dramatic falls in fertility. This paper has been presented at a number of domestic (British Society for Population Studies 2014) and international conferences (European Population Conference 2014, Population Association of America annual conference 2015). The paper has been written and submitted for peer-review at the European Journal of Population. Mark continues to develop a research agenda, with the paper ‘Evolving Interrelations in Demographic Processes and the Great Recession: Continuous Evolution or Seismic Shift?’ under development. The paper deals with the way in which a number of transitions (union formation, childbearing, leaving education, gaining a job and leaving the parental home and buying one’s own house) have changed both over time and in the post-recession era. Broadly speaking the interrelationship in not new, although the recession has accelerated existing trends. Preliminary findings were presented at the 2015 PAA conference.


Mark has also worked extensively with mentor, Prof. Ingrid Schoon. They have produced two papers together. The first of these ‘Diverse Pathways in Becoming an Adult: The Role of Structure, Agency, and Context’ uses data from the British Household Panel survey to extract typologies of youth transitions from school to labour market. They find broad changes; there has been a movement away from youth employment at the expense of greater investment in higher education. They do find increasingly select processes: youths who express a desire to enter the labour market early are more likely to experience more troubled transitions characterised by unemployment, sickness or early motherhood. This paper has been submitted for a special issue in Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, and will be presented as part of a symposium with other Pathways fellows at the SLLS conference later this year in Dublin. The second paper, with working title ‘Positive youth development in the context of global recession’ examines the interrelationship between a young person’s individual characteristics and their ability to make successful transitions into the labour market.


Mark has also used the opportunity to plan further research with other Pathways fellows, consisting of two research papers. The first, in conjunction with Dr. Clemens Lechner (University of Jena), applies the models commonly applied in measuring the response to divorce in subjective well-being to model the response in short term wellbeing following parental death. The second, in conjunction with Dr. Anna-Lena Dicke (Irvine School of Education) the MSALT which includes detailed information in the transition to adulthood including both biological, behavioural and romantic transitions to adulthood. The dataset is currently being used to determine the correspondence between the onset of romantic activity and sexual activity, and variation between different social groups. Mark has also developed a number of collaborative research projects.


Publications
Perlman M, Lyons-Amos M, Leckie G, Steele F, Jenkins J (2015) Capturing the Temporal Sequence of Interaction in Young Siblings. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0126353. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0126353


Lyons-Amos, M.J., G. Durrant and S.S. Padmadas (2014) Contraceptive confidence and timing of first birth in Moldova BMJ Open 4(8)


Padmadas, S.S, M.J. Lyons-Amos and S. Thapa (2014) Do abortion users exhibit better contraceptive behaviour than post-partum women? Analysis of calendar data from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 127(2): 132-137


Perelli-Harris, B., and M.J. Lyons-Amos (in press) The Heterogeneity of Relationship Patterns within and across countries: an examination of the United States and 14 countries, Europe Demographic Research

Book Chapters
Mturi, A.J, G.N. Osuafor and M.J. Lyons-Amos (in press) The mismatch between contraceptive use and fertility in sub-Saharan Africain Fertility diversity and its future prospects in Africa Edwin Mellen


Lyons-Amos, M.J. (forthcoming) Differential responses in first birth behaviour to economic recession in the United Kingdom. In: I. Schoon & R. K. Silbereisen (Eds.).  Pathways to Adulthood: Social inequalities, structure and agency and social change.


Lyons-Amos, M.J. (forthcoming) Interrelations in Employment and Family Transitions: Trends before and after the Great Recession in Youth and the Great Recession